School of Information Technology
Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur
Seminar : Autumn Semester 2005
SNo
Title
Date
1
15-07-2005
2
15-07-2005
3
22-07-2005
4
22-07-2005
5
29-07-2005
6
29-07-2005
7
05-08-2005
8
Use of Resource Description Framework in Semantic Web
05-08-2005
9
An Introduction to Low Power Design in VLSI
12-08-2005
10
An Introduction to Privacy and Anonymous Communication
12-08-2005
11
Version Control System
19-08-2005
12
Introduction to Aspect Oriented Programming
19-08-2005
13
Multi-resolution Analysis and Wavelet Transform
26-08-2005
14
A case based reasoning
26-08-2005
15
Particle Swarm Optimization Algorithm and Its Application in Engineering Design Optimization
09-09-2005
16
Human color perception in the HSV space and its application in histogram generation for image retrieval
16-09-2005
17
Dynamic Topology Construction in Bluetooth Scatternets
22-09-2005
18
Linkers and Loaders
30-09-2005
19
USB
21-10-2005
20
Automated Negotiation in Service Oriented Architecture
25-11-2005
 
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Recent Researches on Web Page Ranking
Abstract Pradipta Biswas 04IT6007
The World Wide Web is an architectural framework for accessing linked documents spread out over millions of machines all over the Internet. Currently the World Wide Web has overshadowed all other internet applications. The popularity of WWW is largely dependent on the web search engines. Search engines are the gateways to the huge information repository at the internet. Anyone can quickly search for helpful cleaning tips, music lyrics, recipes, pictures, celebrity websites and more with search engines. Generally an internet surfer does not bother to go through more than the first 10 to 20 pages shown by a search engine. So the ordering of web pages becomes very much important to produce an effective and efficient search result. The web page ranking algorithms are responsible to make this ordering of search results. Among the existing page ranking algorithms the most important algorithms are Kleinberg's HITS algorithm and Brin & Page's PageRank algorithm. Most of the other algorithms are directly or indirectly based on these two algorithms. The present seminar will give a comprehensive discussion on HITS and PageRank algorithm. The focus will be on recent researches on web page ranking algorithms to compensate the drawbacks of HITS and Pagerank algorithm. Some of the algorithms to be covered include CLEVER, Companion Algorithm, Weighted Page Rank, Confidence based page ranking etc.

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Email : pbiswas@sit.iitkgp.ernet.in
Personal WebPage : http://sit.iitkgp.ernet.in/~pbiswas
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Project build process: Building projects using make files (UNIX), using version control systems and bug tracking systems.
Abstract Abhijit Bhosale 04IT6013
Main objective of the seminar is to give introduction to the project build processes followed in IT industry. It will cover the basics of the make utility which is used to build the project. Then we will see how the source files of the projects are maintained with their different versions using version control systems. After that we will see how the bug tracking system tracks the bugs and what the life cycle of the bug is.

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Introduction to Image Processing
Abstract Alok K. Watve 04IT6012
Image processing is a well-established research field. Image processing is being used several fields ranging from medical imaging to satellite imagery. The seminar deals with the basic concepts in image processing. The focus of the seminar is to introduce the audience to gray scale image enhancement operations. Spatial domain image enhancement operations along with spatial filters will be covered in the seminar.

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A study of "IP Over WDM"
Abstract Partha Goswami 04IT6015
The need for high bandwidth in today's IP-based Internet, and the promise of WDM to provide this high capacity, is fueling the current investigations on IP-over-WDM networks. Internet growth not only requires providing immense bandwidth but also triggers the need for providing the guarantees with respect to quality of service, security, and fault tolerance. Currently telecommunication networks use SONET/SDH for transmission, multiplexing and protection. It is implemented over WDM. As a result we are using the IP over SONET/SDH over WDM. The alternative approach is IP directly over WDM bypassing the SONET/SDH layer. This approach will give the advantages of overall reduction of equipment cost and management complexity. It will also improve the bandwidth efficiency. The issue that must be addressed in such a network is effective interoperation of IP and WDM. This could involve changes in either layer to take the advantages of other. Here the critical challenge is to provide the capability to instantiate and route lightpaths in real time and to support a variety of protection and restoration scheme. This involved efficient control mechanism and traffic engineering, which need be interoperable with existing technology.

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Introduction to Game Theory
Abstract Abhinav Srivastava 04IT6014
Game theory is a distinct and interdisciplinary approach to the study of human behavior. Game theoretic concepts apply whenever the actions of several agents are interdependent. The concepts of game theory provide a language to formulate, structure, analyze and understand strategic scenarios. In this seminar, I will talk about general concepts related to game theory, how games can be represented and general strategies to solve games.

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Security Loopholes in TCP/IP
Abstract N Ranjith Kumar 04IT6003
TCP/IP protocol suite which was written twenty four years ago has many security problems in it, like TCP sequence number prediction, and denial-of-service attack using syn flood attack, routing information protocol attacks, trivial attacks etc. These loopholes in the TCP/IP cause many security attacks. In this seminar I will discuss some of these security attacks in detail.

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Market Oriented Programming
Abstract Sai Rahul Reddy P 04IT6011
Market oriented programming is an approach to distributed computation based on market price mechanisms. The economic perspective on decentralized (computational) decision making has several advantages. Markets are an effective institution for coordinating the activities of several agents with minimal communication and economic science has developed an extensive analytic framework for studying such multi-agent systems. The idea of market oriented programming is to exploit the institution of markets and they can be used to solve some problems of distributed resource allocation. In this seminar, I will talk about general concepts related to market oriented programming and how they can be applied to solve problems of distributed resource allocation.

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Use of Resource Description Framework in Semantic Web
Abstract Patel Dhaval C 04IT6006
The Semantic Web is an extension of the current web in which information is given well-defined meaning, better enabling computers and people to work in cooperation. This makes it easier for machines to automatically process and integrate information. XML's ability to define customized tags and RDF's flexible approach to represent data could be exploited to build Semantic Web. RDF (Resource Description Framework) is used to represent information and to exchange knowledge in the Web. In extension to this several standard Ontology are used. Web Ontology Language (OWL) is one such kind of Ontology. This seminar will give a primary knowledge on the RDF and OWL.

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An Introduction to Low Power Design in VLSI
Abstract Nitin Prakash Sharma 04IT6004
Low power has emerged as a principal theme in today's electronics industry. The need for low power has caused a major paradigm shift in which power dissipation is as important as performance and area. This seminar will cover the issues and challenges of the low power design, what are the different sources of power dissipations and the degrees of freedom with the problem associated with them.

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An Introduction to Privacy and Anonymous Communication
Abstract P V Raj Kumar 05IT9001
The rapid growth of Internet usage raised concerns over the privacy of communication and information dissemination. For example, Number of online advertising companies uses traffic analysis to learn the browsing habit of the target users and launch the advertisements accordingly. Corporate companies could use traffic analysis to monitor, when the competitor visits its website, and track what pages or products that interest the competitor. And the privacy loses in defense organizations matters more. Anonymous communication is a way to enhancing privacy and making the traffic analysis more difficult. In this seminar I will present the overview of various forms of anonymous communication and how it will enhance the privacy.

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Version Control System
Abstract Abhijit Bhosale 04IT6014
This seminar is a continuation of the seminar "Project Build Process", the one which was held on 15th July 2005. The objective of this seminar is to give live demonstration of some Version Control System. Here we will see how to use these systems to manage the project code and documents.

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Introduction to Aspect Oriented Programming
Abstract Kotaiah Choudary R 04IT6010
In Software Engineering, the programming paradigm of aspect-oriented programming (AOP) attempts to aid programmers in the separation of concerns. In particular, AOP focuses on the modularization and encapsulation of cross-cutting concerns. This seminar will give you brief introduction to AOP. In this seminar I am going to discuss Problems with Previous paradigms, concepts of AOP, present development of AOP environment, Problems of AOP, applications of AOP.

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Multi-resolution Analysis and Wavelet Transform
Abstract Alok K. Watve 04IT6012
For many years signal analyses and processing are being done either in frequency domain or in time domain. However, information about both time and frequency is needed in many cases for proper signal analysis. Multi resolution analysis is a relatively new concept that tries to get time as well as frequency information simultaneously. Wavelet transform is perhaps the most popular technique of multiresolution analysis. The seminar introduces basic concepts of wavelets and multiresolution analysis with respect to its application in image processing.

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Introduction to Case Based Reasoning
Abstract Pradipta Biswas 04IT6007
In our daily life often we face some unforeseen problems. The way we tackle those problems is by thinking about similar or near similar situations we encountered in past and then applying the knowledge learned at those known problems to the current problem. This is also in short the way in which human experts solve unknown problems. In the world of artificial intelligence, there is a constant effort of mimicking human experts. In this context, case based reasoning is evolved as a ew methodology of automatic reasoning. By definition a case is a situation or problem in terms of natural language descriptions and answers to questions and associates with each situation a proper business action. Case-based reasoning (CBR), broadly construed, is the process of solving new problems based on the solutions of similar past problems. An auto mechanic who fixes an engine by recalling another car that exhibited similar symptoms is using case-based reasoning. A lawyer who advocates a particular outcome in a trial based on legal precedents or a judge who creates case law is using case-based reasoning. Currently case based reasoning is widely used in e-Commerce, Information retrieval, Designing, iagnosis and in many other fields. The present seminar will present a comprehensive discussion on the principles of case based reasoning and briefly introduce some of its popular applications in various fields.

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Particle Swarm Optimization Algorithm and Its Application in Engineering Design Optimization
Abstract Sushanta Kumar Mandal  
The Particle Swarm Optimization (PSO) method was originally proposed by J.Kennedy as a simulation of social behavior, and it was insitially introduced as an optimization method in 1995 (Eberhart and Kennedy, 1995). The PSO is a robust stochastic evolutionary computation technique based on the movement and intelligence of swarms looking for the most fertile feeding location. PSO's foundation is based on the principle that each solution can be represented as a particle (agent) in a swarm. Each agent has a position and velocity vector and each position coordinate represents a parameter value. The underlying rules of cooperation and competition within social swarms give it good capability to make global optimization with the help of memory rather than to simply random search in a certain area. So it has a better chance to fly into a better solution quickly than some previous optimizers have in addition to its better performance. Like GA or any optimization techniques, PSO also requires a fitness evaluation function that takes the agent's position and assigns to it a fitness value. For multi-parameter optimization problems, global optimization algorithms such as a genetic algorithm have been attempted but the genetic operators, such as selection, crossover, and mutation are relatively complex. By comparison, simulated annealing is much simpler but it needs too many iterations, and the result strongly depends on the cooling schedule pre-established. However the particle swarm optimization (PSO) technique as proposed by Kennedy and Eberhart in 1995 as an alternative method to solve global optimization problems is simpler and easy to handle. The modified particle swarm optimization (PSO) algorithm is applied for engineering optimization problems with constraints. PSO is started with a group of feasible solutions and a feasibility function is used to check if the newly explored solutions satisfy all the constraints. All the particles keep only those feasible solutions in their memory.

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Human color perception in the HSV space and its application in histogram generation for image retrieval
Abstract A. Vadivel  
We have done a detailed analysis of the visual properties of the HSV (Hue, Saturation and Intensity Value) color space and Human visual system. Using the results of these analyses, we determine relative importance of hue and intensity based on the saturation of an image pixel with respect to rod and cone cells excitation of retina. We effectively apply this method to the generation of a color histogram and use it for content-based image retrieval applications. A web-based system has been developed for demonstrating our work.

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Dynamic Topology Construction in Bluetooth Scatternets
Abstract Shamik Sural  
We propose a topology construction algorithm for Bluetooth devices in which a piconet or a scatternet is assumed to be a dynamic network structure. A new node can join the scatternet or an existing node can shut down at any point of time, without affecting the rest of the topology. The algorithm works bottom up by first combining individual nodes into small piconets, the small piconets then joining to form larger piconets. Finally, the large piconets join to form a scatternet. All these operations are conducted in a way such that none of the nodes need to act as a coordinator. No a priori information about the total number of nodes in the network is required for successful topology construction.

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Linkers and Loaders
Abstract Sai Rahul Reddy P  
Linking is the process of combining various pieces of code and data together to form a single executable that can be loaded in memory. Linking can be done at compile time, at load time (by loaders) and also at run time (by application programs). In this seminar, I will explain about ELF (Executable and Linking Format) binary format and I will explain in detail how linking and loading is done in Linux Operating System. I will also explain in brief how this is done in Windows.

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USB
Abstract Alok K Watve  
USB is fast becoming the de facto standard for interconnection of computer with peripherals. It's not only faster than legacy interconnects, but it is also much easier to manage due to plug and play capability and easy extensibility. Hence, it is rapidly replacing existing serial (RS -232, PS/2) and parallel ports (LPT). The seminar covers basics of USB 2.0 and focuses on protocol specifications of USB 2.0.

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Automated Negotiation in Service Oriented Architecture
Abstract Dhaval Patel  
Automated Negotiation in Service Oriented Architecture Negotiation is a process of joint decision making between two or more parties to resolve there conflicting demands. Software agents are used to automate the negotiation process. To achieve the satisfactory output an agent is required to play with an appropriate strategy. There is no unique strategy that will perform well in all environments. In Our research we have considered two party negotiations where two parties play an opposite role, named seller and buyer. In Negotiation, Knowing some thing about the opponent is always helping us to make a good decision during negotiation process. In this project seminar, we are going to discuss, what step we have followed to define an efficient seller's negotiation strategy when buyer is playing with strategy selected from widely used negotiation decision function. The purpose is to work out a negotiation strategy for seller agent that he can use for the automated negotiation.

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